Aligned and exchange-coupled L1 0 (Fe,Co)Pt-based magnetic films

Y. Liu, T. A. George, R. Skomski, D. J. Sellmyer

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Abstract

Films of aligned L1 0-structure (Fe,Co)Pt with fcc Fe(Co,Pt) are synthesized by co-sputtering Fe, Co, and Pt on an (001) MgO substrate with in situ heating at 830°C. The nanostructures and magnetic properties of the films are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The compositions of the samples (Fe,Co) xPt 1-x are designed to maintain an atomic Fe: Co ratio of 65: 35 while increasing the Fe,Co content in each successive sample. In samples with low Fe and Co concentration, the XRD patterns exhibit three strong peaks, namely L1 0 (Fe,Co)Pt (001), L1 0 (Fe,Co)Pt (002), and MgO (002). A fourth peak is observed in samples with high Fe and Co concentration and identified as fcc (002). The XRD patterns confirm the formation of L1 0-ordered (Fe,Co)Pt and its epitaxial growth on MgO. TEM shows that the (Fe,Co)Pt films form isolated magnetic grains of about 100 nm in diameter. Hysteresis-loop measurements show that the increase of the Fe,Co concentration from 57.3 to 68.3 at enhances the saturation magnetization M s from 1245 emu/cm 3 to 1416 emu/cm 3, and the coercivity decreases from 32 kOe to 8.9 kOe. The nominal maximum energy product per grain is 64 MGOe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number07B537
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume111
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

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magnetic films
diffraction patterns
transmission electron microscopy
x rays
coercivity
sputtering
hysteresis
magnetic properties
saturation
interference
magnetization
heating
products
diffraction
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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Aligned and exchange-coupled L1 0 (Fe,Co)Pt-based magnetic films. / Liu, Y.; George, T. A.; Skomski, R.; Sellmyer, D. J.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, No. 7, 07B537, 01.04.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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