Al-O-F materials as novel adsorbents for gaseous radioiodine capture

Andrew Miller, Yifeng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Re-processing used nuclear fuel requires a method to effectively capture and dispose of gaseous radioiodine. Previous work has shown that nanoporous Al-O materials are effective at capturing gaseous iodine; molecular dynamics simulations have shown that the addition of fluoride to the Al-O surface should increase the amount of iodine capture. Twelve different materials with different ratios of F:Al were created. These materials were chemically characterized and functionally characterized with respect to gaseous iodine uptake. The addition of fluoride does in fact lead to a substantial (10-100×) increase in iodine uptake per unit surface area. However, the amount of uptake does not appear to be directly related to the total fluoride content of the solid phase material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-39
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Fingerprint

iodine
Iodine
Adsorbents
Fluorides
fluoride
Nuclear fuels
Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Molecular dynamics
surface area
material
Computer simulation
Processing
simulation

Keywords

  • Iodine
  • Nanoporosity
  • Nanoporous materials
  • Re-processing
  • Waste treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Al-O-F materials as novel adsorbents for gaseous radioiodine capture. / Miller, Andrew; Wang, Yifeng.

In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 133, 07.2014, p. 35-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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