AIDS and Perceived Change in Sexual Practice: An Analysis of a College Student Sample from California and Iowa

Masako Ishii‐Kuntz, Les B. Whitbeck, Ronald L. Simons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the impact of belief about transmissibility of AIDS and concern about the disease on perceived changes in premarital sexual practices. It was posited that changes in sexual practices are most likely to occur when college students have more certainty about AIDS transmission and greater concern about AIDS. Based on this proposition, dating patterns, premarital sexual permissiveness, attitudes toward homosexuality, sexual orientation, and students' objective perception of AIDS as a problem were used as predictors of concern about AIDS and certainty of sexual transmission. Using a sample of 587 students in the state universities of California and Iowa and focusing on one type of sexual practices (i.e., condom use), it was found that concern about AIDS strongly increases the likelihood of using condoms. Contrary to our prediction, certainty about sexual transmission of AIDS was found to have a marginal effect on students' likelihood of condom use. Furthermore, it was found that monogamous dating, sexual permissiveness, and the degree of perception of AIDS as a problem significantly increase the likelihood of condom use if they are mediated by personal concern about AIDS. The implications are discussed with respect to the usefulness of a theoretical approach and its findings for education on AIDS prevention among college students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1321
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume20
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1990

Fingerprint

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Students
Condoms
Permissiveness
Homosexuality
Sexual Behavior
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

AIDS and Perceived Change in Sexual Practice : An Analysis of a College Student Sample from California and Iowa. / Ishii‐Kuntz, Masako; Whitbeck, Les B.; Simons, Ronald L.

In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 20, No. 16, 09.1990, p. 1301-1321.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{347b50cf415f4c6f833bfe3a12685036,
title = "AIDS and Perceived Change in Sexual Practice: An Analysis of a College Student Sample from California and Iowa",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to examine the impact of belief about transmissibility of AIDS and concern about the disease on perceived changes in premarital sexual practices. It was posited that changes in sexual practices are most likely to occur when college students have more certainty about AIDS transmission and greater concern about AIDS. Based on this proposition, dating patterns, premarital sexual permissiveness, attitudes toward homosexuality, sexual orientation, and students' objective perception of AIDS as a problem were used as predictors of concern about AIDS and certainty of sexual transmission. Using a sample of 587 students in the state universities of California and Iowa and focusing on one type of sexual practices (i.e., condom use), it was found that concern about AIDS strongly increases the likelihood of using condoms. Contrary to our prediction, certainty about sexual transmission of AIDS was found to have a marginal effect on students' likelihood of condom use. Furthermore, it was found that monogamous dating, sexual permissiveness, and the degree of perception of AIDS as a problem significantly increase the likelihood of condom use if they are mediated by personal concern about AIDS. The implications are discussed with respect to the usefulness of a theoretical approach and its findings for education on AIDS prevention among college students.",
author = "Masako Ishii‐Kuntz and Whitbeck, {Les B.} and Simons, {Ronald L.}",
year = "1990",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb01473.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "1301--1321",
journal = "Journal of Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "0021-9029",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "16",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - AIDS and Perceived Change in Sexual Practice

T2 - An Analysis of a College Student Sample from California and Iowa

AU - Ishii‐Kuntz, Masako

AU - Whitbeck, Les B.

AU - Simons, Ronald L.

PY - 1990/9

Y1 - 1990/9

N2 - The objective of this study was to examine the impact of belief about transmissibility of AIDS and concern about the disease on perceived changes in premarital sexual practices. It was posited that changes in sexual practices are most likely to occur when college students have more certainty about AIDS transmission and greater concern about AIDS. Based on this proposition, dating patterns, premarital sexual permissiveness, attitudes toward homosexuality, sexual orientation, and students' objective perception of AIDS as a problem were used as predictors of concern about AIDS and certainty of sexual transmission. Using a sample of 587 students in the state universities of California and Iowa and focusing on one type of sexual practices (i.e., condom use), it was found that concern about AIDS strongly increases the likelihood of using condoms. Contrary to our prediction, certainty about sexual transmission of AIDS was found to have a marginal effect on students' likelihood of condom use. Furthermore, it was found that monogamous dating, sexual permissiveness, and the degree of perception of AIDS as a problem significantly increase the likelihood of condom use if they are mediated by personal concern about AIDS. The implications are discussed with respect to the usefulness of a theoretical approach and its findings for education on AIDS prevention among college students.

AB - The objective of this study was to examine the impact of belief about transmissibility of AIDS and concern about the disease on perceived changes in premarital sexual practices. It was posited that changes in sexual practices are most likely to occur when college students have more certainty about AIDS transmission and greater concern about AIDS. Based on this proposition, dating patterns, premarital sexual permissiveness, attitudes toward homosexuality, sexual orientation, and students' objective perception of AIDS as a problem were used as predictors of concern about AIDS and certainty of sexual transmission. Using a sample of 587 students in the state universities of California and Iowa and focusing on one type of sexual practices (i.e., condom use), it was found that concern about AIDS strongly increases the likelihood of using condoms. Contrary to our prediction, certainty about sexual transmission of AIDS was found to have a marginal effect on students' likelihood of condom use. Furthermore, it was found that monogamous dating, sexual permissiveness, and the degree of perception of AIDS as a problem significantly increase the likelihood of condom use if they are mediated by personal concern about AIDS. The implications are discussed with respect to the usefulness of a theoretical approach and its findings for education on AIDS prevention among college students.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000442676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000442676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb01473.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1990.tb01473.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000442676

VL - 20

SP - 1301

EP - 1321

JO - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

SN - 0021-9029

IS - 16

ER -