Age-related changes in objective and subjective speech perception in complex listening environments

Karen S. Helfer, Gabrielle R. Merchant, Peter A. Wasiuk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals’ ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age. The performance of middle-aged adults is similar to that of younger adults in the presence of noise maskers, but they experience substantially more difficulty when the masker is 1 or 2 competing speech messages. For the most part, middle-aged participants in studies conducted in our laboratory reported as much self-perceived hearing problems as did older adult participants. Conclusions: Research supports the multifactorial nature of listening in real-world environments. Current audiologic assessment practices are often insufficient to identify the true speech understanding struggles that individuals experience in these situations. This points to the importance of giving weight to patients’ self-reported difficulties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3009-3018
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume60
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Speech Perception
High-Frequency Hearing Loss
Aptitude
Acoustics
Hearing
Noise
Young Adult
complaint
acoustics
performance
young adult
experience
Weights and Measures
Research
ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Age-related changes in objective and subjective speech perception in complex listening environments. / Helfer, Karen S.; Merchant, Gabrielle R.; Wasiuk, Peter A.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 60, No. 10, 10.2017, p. 3009-3018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{e3f046b9294d4264b0a96daed3241e39,
title = "Age-related changes in objective and subjective speech perception in complex listening environments",
abstract = "Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals’ ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age. The performance of middle-aged adults is similar to that of younger adults in the presence of noise maskers, but they experience substantially more difficulty when the masker is 1 or 2 competing speech messages. For the most part, middle-aged participants in studies conducted in our laboratory reported as much self-perceived hearing problems as did older adult participants. Conclusions: Research supports the multifactorial nature of listening in real-world environments. Current audiologic assessment practices are often insufficient to identify the true speech understanding struggles that individuals experience in these situations. This points to the importance of giving weight to patients’ self-reported difficulties.",
author = "Helfer, {Karen S.} and Merchant, {Gabrielle R.} and Wasiuk, {Peter A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1044/2017_JSLHR-H-17-0030",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "3009--3018",
journal = "Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research",
issn = "1092-4388",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age-related changes in objective and subjective speech perception in complex listening environments

AU - Helfer, Karen S.

AU - Merchant, Gabrielle R.

AU - Wasiuk, Peter A.

PY - 2017/10

Y1 - 2017/10

N2 - Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals’ ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age. The performance of middle-aged adults is similar to that of younger adults in the presence of noise maskers, but they experience substantially more difficulty when the masker is 1 or 2 competing speech messages. For the most part, middle-aged participants in studies conducted in our laboratory reported as much self-perceived hearing problems as did older adult participants. Conclusions: Research supports the multifactorial nature of listening in real-world environments. Current audiologic assessment practices are often insufficient to identify the true speech understanding struggles that individuals experience in these situations. This points to the importance of giving weight to patients’ self-reported difficulties.

AB - Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals’ ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age. The performance of middle-aged adults is similar to that of younger adults in the presence of noise maskers, but they experience substantially more difficulty when the masker is 1 or 2 competing speech messages. For the most part, middle-aged participants in studies conducted in our laboratory reported as much self-perceived hearing problems as did older adult participants. Conclusions: Research supports the multifactorial nature of listening in real-world environments. Current audiologic assessment practices are often insufficient to identify the true speech understanding struggles that individuals experience in these situations. This points to the importance of giving weight to patients’ self-reported difficulties.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031893807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031893807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1044/2017_JSLHR-H-17-0030

DO - 10.1044/2017_JSLHR-H-17-0030

M3 - Review article

C2 - 29049601

AN - SCOPUS:85031893807

VL - 60

SP - 3009

EP - 3018

JO - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

JF - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

SN - 1092-4388

IS - 10

ER -