Age and lineup type differences in the own-race bias

Lindsey E. Wylie, Shaina Bergt, Joshua Haby, Eve M. Brank, Brian H. Bornstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The own-race bias (ORB) suggests that recognition for faces of one's own race is superior to recognition of other-race faces. A popular explanation for the ORB is amount of interracial contact, which may have cohort effects for older and younger adults. We compared White younger and older adults on the ORB utilizing a hybrid facial recognition and full diagnostic lineup (i.e., simultaneous and sequential target absent and target present lineups) paradigm. Both younger and older adults demonstrated an ORB. Signal detection estimates suggest younger adults compared to older adults have better discrimination accuracy for own-race over other-race faces. Interracial contact did not explain recognition for younger adults, but was related to a shift in response criterion for older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-506
Number of pages17
JournalPsychology, Crime and Law
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2015

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Keywords

  • contact hypothesis
  • lineup type
  • older adults
  • own-race bias
  • signal detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

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