Adult-onset Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome presenting as cortical dementia

Greg E. Cooper, Matthew Rizzo, Robert D. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors examined behavioral and pathophysiologic substrates in a patient with adult-onset Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome who presented with insidious cognitive decline but no motor impairment. The authors combined longitudinal case history and serial neuropsychologic testing with functional neuroimaging (positron emission tomography), structural neuroimaging (magnetic resonance imaging), and brain tissue analyses. Serial assessments of a 29-year-old woman showed progressive dementia. Marked cognitive and behavioral deficits were seen on neuropsychologic testing, corresponding to striking cortical abnormalities on positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and histopathologic studies. Typical motor manifestations of the disorder did not emerge until the patient was 34 years old, 5 years after the onset of cognitive symptoms. Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of progressive cortical dementia in a young adult, even in the absence of motor dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalAlzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration
Positron-Emission Tomography
Dementia
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Functional Neuroimaging
Neuroimaging
Young Adult
Differential Diagnosis
Brain

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Hallerworden-Spatz syndrome
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neuroimaging
  • Neuropsychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Adult-onset Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome presenting as cortical dementia. / Cooper, Greg E.; Rizzo, Matthew; Jones, Robert D.

In: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, Vol. 14, No. 2, 01.04.2000, p. 120-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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