Adenovirus-based vascular endothelial growth factor gene delivery to human pancreatic islets

K. Cheng, D. Fraga, C. Zhang, M. Kotb, A. O. Gaber, R. V. Guntaka, R. I. Mahato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Islet transplantation is limited by islet graft failure due to poor revascularization, host immune rejection and nonspecific inflammatory response. Delivery of human vascular endothelial growth factor (hVEGF) gene to the islets is likely to promote islet revascularization and survival. We used a bicistronic adenoviral vector encoding hVEGF and CpG-free allele of green fluorescent protein (Adv-GFP-hVEGF) and introduced into human pancreatic islets by transfection. We found that transfection efficiency and apoptosis were dependent on the multiplicity of infection (MOI). Compared to Adv-GFP transfected and nontransfected islets, the levels of hVEGF secreted from Adv-GFP-hVEGF transfected islets were higher and exhibit a linear relationship between hVEGF expression and MOI (10-5000). Persistent, but low level expression of hVEGF from nontransfected islets was also observed. This may be due to expression of the endogenous hVEGF gene under hypoxic conditions. The levels of DNA fragmentation determined by ELISA of islet lysates were dependent on the MOI of Adv-GFP-hVEGF. On glucose challenge, insulin release from transfected islets was comparable to nontransfected islets. Immunohistochemical staining for hVEGF was very high in Adv-GFP-hVEGF transfected islets. Weak staining was also observed for hCD31 in both transfected and nontransfected islets. These findings suggest that Adv-GFP-hVEGF is a potential candidate for promoting islet revascularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1105-1116
Number of pages12
JournalGene Therapy
Volume11
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Adenoviral vector
  • DNA fragmentation
  • Human islets
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Real time RT-PCR
  • hVEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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