Acute blockade of inner ear marginal and dark cell K+ secretion: Effects on gravity receptor function

Choongheon Lee, Timothy A. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Specific pharmacological blockade of KCNQ (Kv7) channels with XE991 rapidly (within 20 min) and profoundly alters inner ear gravity receptor responses to head motion (Lee et al., 2017). We hypothesized that these effects were attributable to the suppression of K+ secretion following blockade of KCNQ1-KCNE1 channels in vestibular dark cells and marginal cells. To test this hypothesis, K+ secretion was independently inhibited by blocking the Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC1, Slc12a2) rather than KCNQ1-KCNE1 channels. Acute blockade of NKCC1 with ethacrynic acid (40 mg/kg) eliminated auditory responses (ABRs) within approximately 70 min of injection, but had no effect on vestibular gravity receptor function (VsEPs) over a period of 2 h in the same animals. These findings show that, vestibular gravity receptors are highly resistant to acute disruption of endolymph secretion unlike the auditory system. Based on this we argue that acute suppression of K+ secretion alone does not likely account for the rapid profound effects of XE991 on gravity receptors. Instead the effects of XE991 likely require additional action at KCNQ channels located within the sensory epithelium itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-156
Number of pages5
JournalHearing Research
Volume361
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

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Keywords

  • Endocochlear potential
  • Endolymph
  • Ethacrynic acid
  • KCNQ1-KCNE1
  • Loop diuretic
  • NKCC1
  • Na-K-2Cl

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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