Activation of T cells usually requires two signals. Signal 1 is mediated via a peptide-MHC on the APC; signal 2 is mediated via a costimulatory molecule on the APC surface. We demonstrate here that naive CD4+ T cells actually acquire the costimulatory molecule CD80 (B7-1) from syngeneic APCs after activation. This phenomenon was demonstrated showing acquisition of CD80 by T cells from CD80/CD86 (B7-2) knockout mice, and by treating T cells with cyclohexamide to further rule out endogenous expression of CD80 by T cells. Moreover, no CD80 mRNA could be detected in T cells that had acquired CD80. The amount of acquisition of CD80 by T cells was shown to be directly related to both the strength of signal 1 and the amount of CD80 on the APC. Specificity of this acquisition was also shown by the lack of acquisition by T cells from CD28 knockout mice (implicating CD28 in this process), the lack of acquisition of CD40 (another molecule on the APC surface) by T cells, and confocal microscopy studies. We demonstrate for the first time that 1) naive T cells, following acquisition of CD80 from APCs, were themselves shown to be capable of acting as APCs; and 2) memory T cells that have acquired CD80 from APCs undergo apoptosis in the presence of increased levels of signal 1. Thus we demonstrate both immunostimulatory and immunoregulatory functions as a result of CD80 acquisition by different T cell populations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy