Acquisition and generalization of manual signs by hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation

Brian P. Conaghan, Nirbhay N. Singh, Theresa L. Moe, Timothy J. Landrum, Cynthia R Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Behavioral procedures have been used to teach manual communication skills to individuals with mental retardation, although few studies have examined the assessment of generalization of such skills beyond the teaching environment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of directed rehearsal for teaching and facilitating the generalization of manual signs by six hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation. The effects of directed rehearsal, alone and combined with positive reinforcement for correct responses, were compared to a no-training control condition in an alternating treatments design. Although directed rehearsal was superior to the no-training control condition in teaching manual signs, the procedure was more effective when combined with positive reinforcement. The combined procedure was used to facilitate the generalization of learned signs across a number of variables. The results showed that there were high levels of generalization by all participants across novel phrases, settings, and trainers but variable levels of generalization to another response mode by some subjects. Further, increased levels in overall vocal communication were found for most participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-205
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Behavioral Education
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1992

Fingerprint

Intellectual Disability
Hearing
reinforcement
Teaching
Manual Communication
communication skills
communication
Communication
Generalization (Psychology)
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • directed rehearsal
  • generalization
  • manual signs
  • matrix training
  • teaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Acquisition and generalization of manual signs by hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation. / Conaghan, Brian P.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Moe, Theresa L.; Landrum, Timothy J.; Ellis, Cynthia R.

In: Journal of Behavioral Education, Vol. 2, No. 2, 01.06.1992, p. 177-205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Conaghan, Brian P. ; Singh, Nirbhay N. ; Moe, Theresa L. ; Landrum, Timothy J. ; Ellis, Cynthia R. / Acquisition and generalization of manual signs by hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation. In: Journal of Behavioral Education. 1992 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 177-205.
@article{72b3662debbb4819b64c32565719f2a3,
title = "Acquisition and generalization of manual signs by hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation",
abstract = "Behavioral procedures have been used to teach manual communication skills to individuals with mental retardation, although few studies have examined the assessment of generalization of such skills beyond the teaching environment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of directed rehearsal for teaching and facilitating the generalization of manual signs by six hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation. The effects of directed rehearsal, alone and combined with positive reinforcement for correct responses, were compared to a no-training control condition in an alternating treatments design. Although directed rehearsal was superior to the no-training control condition in teaching manual signs, the procedure was more effective when combined with positive reinforcement. The combined procedure was used to facilitate the generalization of learned signs across a number of variables. The results showed that there were high levels of generalization by all participants across novel phrases, settings, and trainers but variable levels of generalization to another response mode by some subjects. Further, increased levels in overall vocal communication were found for most participants.",
keywords = "directed rehearsal, generalization, manual signs, matrix training, teaching",
author = "Conaghan, {Brian P.} and Singh, {Nirbhay N.} and Moe, {Theresa L.} and Landrum, {Timothy J.} and Ellis, {Cynthia R}",
year = "1992",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF00947119",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "177--205",
journal = "Journal of Behavioral Education",
issn = "1053-0819",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acquisition and generalization of manual signs by hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation

AU - Conaghan, Brian P.

AU - Singh, Nirbhay N.

AU - Moe, Theresa L.

AU - Landrum, Timothy J.

AU - Ellis, Cynthia R

PY - 1992/6/1

Y1 - 1992/6/1

N2 - Behavioral procedures have been used to teach manual communication skills to individuals with mental retardation, although few studies have examined the assessment of generalization of such skills beyond the teaching environment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of directed rehearsal for teaching and facilitating the generalization of manual signs by six hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation. The effects of directed rehearsal, alone and combined with positive reinforcement for correct responses, were compared to a no-training control condition in an alternating treatments design. Although directed rehearsal was superior to the no-training control condition in teaching manual signs, the procedure was more effective when combined with positive reinforcement. The combined procedure was used to facilitate the generalization of learned signs across a number of variables. The results showed that there were high levels of generalization by all participants across novel phrases, settings, and trainers but variable levels of generalization to another response mode by some subjects. Further, increased levels in overall vocal communication were found for most participants.

AB - Behavioral procedures have been used to teach manual communication skills to individuals with mental retardation, although few studies have examined the assessment of generalization of such skills beyond the teaching environment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of directed rehearsal for teaching and facilitating the generalization of manual signs by six hearing-impaired adults with mental retardation. The effects of directed rehearsal, alone and combined with positive reinforcement for correct responses, were compared to a no-training control condition in an alternating treatments design. Although directed rehearsal was superior to the no-training control condition in teaching manual signs, the procedure was more effective when combined with positive reinforcement. The combined procedure was used to facilitate the generalization of learned signs across a number of variables. The results showed that there were high levels of generalization by all participants across novel phrases, settings, and trainers but variable levels of generalization to another response mode by some subjects. Further, increased levels in overall vocal communication were found for most participants.

KW - directed rehearsal

KW - generalization

KW - manual signs

KW - matrix training

KW - teaching

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1542300390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1542300390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00947119

DO - 10.1007/BF00947119

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 177

EP - 205

JO - Journal of Behavioral Education

JF - Journal of Behavioral Education

SN - 1053-0819

IS - 2

ER -