A strategy disruption component to retrieval-induced forgetting

Michael D. Dodd, Alan D. Castel, Karen E. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Retrieval-induced forgetting refers to a paradoxical occurrence wherein the act of remembering some material disrupts the retrieval of other, related material (see, e.g., M. C. Anderson, R. A. Bjork, & E. L. Bjork, 1994). This effect is generally accounted for in terms of inhibitory processes. Across three experiments, we test the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting, as well as whether there may be a strategy disruption component to the effect. In our first two experiments, we manipulate which items individuals are cued to recall during retrieval practice and demonstrate that retrieval-induced forgetting can be neutralized when those items do not interfere with the individual's retrieval strategy. In the third experiment, we confirm this finding with a different set of stimuli. These results are inconsistent with a purely inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting, and we discuss implications for inhibition theory and strategy disruption in light of these and other findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-111
Number of pages10
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

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Retrieval-induced Forgetting
Disruption
Experiment
Remembering
Retrieval Practice
Stimulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

A strategy disruption component to retrieval-induced forgetting. / Dodd, Michael D.; Castel, Alan D.; Roberts, Karen E.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 102-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dodd, Michael D. ; Castel, Alan D. ; Roberts, Karen E. / A strategy disruption component to retrieval-induced forgetting. In: Memory and Cognition. 2006 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 102-111.
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