A single amino acid substitution in core residues of S-antigen prevents experimental autoimmune uveitis

Dhirendra P. Singh, Takanobu Kikuchi, Vijay K. Singh, Toshimichi Shinohara

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Abstract

We have previously reported that microbial Ags, having a three- to six- amino-acid-sequence homology with a uveitopathogenic epitope (peptide M) of retinal soluble protein (S-Ag), induce experimental autoimmune uveitis (FAU). Another uveitopathogenic epitope (peptide G) of S-Ag also was characterized. In addition, we have characterized the core sequences by truncating peptides G and M from amino and carboxyl termini. In this study, we have further defined the core sequences using synthetic octapeptides with a single amino acid substitution. In addition, the analogues of peptides Gm5 or Mm4 are capable of inhibiting the proliferative response of T-lymphocytes from rats immunized with peptides G-8 or M-8, respectively. Co-injection of a pathogenic peptide with nonpathogenic substitution analogues blocked the induction of EAU. These results suggest that specific nonpathogenic analogues with single amino acid substitution derived from pathogenic peptides have potential for prevention and therapy of autoimmune diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4699-4705
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume152
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 1 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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