A rested development: Effort regulation strategy maintains task performance but alters ERPs in task-induced cognitive fatigue

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The effects of task-induced cognitive fatigue on performance, strategy, and P300 event-related potentials (ERPs) were examined. Fatigue was induced by task load with participants completing either 700 mental rotation trials with (high fatigue) or without (low fatigue) a secondary task to increase fatigue. No differences were found between groups when examining mental rotation task decision accuracy or strategy; however, the number of trials in which the participant's total trial time was greater than twice their average was influenced by experimental manipulations designed to increase task difficulty. These 'minibreaks', referred to as blocking, may have served to regulate effort expenditure in order to preserve task performance. P300 peak amplitude differed between groups, with high blocking participants showing a reduced amplitude and more dispersed P300 topology compared to low blockers. These results provide compelling evidence that performance outcome may not be affected by task demands if a compensatory effort strategy is utilized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-684
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2016 - Washington, United States
Duration: Sep 19 2016Sep 23 2016

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fatigue
Fatigue of materials
regulation
event
performance
manipulation
expenditures
Group
Topology
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

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title = "A rested development: Effort regulation strategy maintains task performance but alters ERPs in task-induced cognitive fatigue",
abstract = "The effects of task-induced cognitive fatigue on performance, strategy, and P300 event-related potentials (ERPs) were examined. Fatigue was induced by task load with participants completing either 700 mental rotation trials with (high fatigue) or without (low fatigue) a secondary task to increase fatigue. No differences were found between groups when examining mental rotation task decision accuracy or strategy; however, the number of trials in which the participant's total trial time was greater than twice their average was influenced by experimental manipulations designed to increase task difficulty. These 'minibreaks', referred to as blocking, may have served to regulate effort expenditure in order to preserve task performance. P300 peak amplitude differed between groups, with high blocking participants showing a reduced amplitude and more dispersed P300 topology compared to low blockers. These results provide compelling evidence that performance outcome may not be affected by task demands if a compensatory effort strategy is utilized.",
author = "Fercho, {Kelene A.} and Doug Peterson and Baugh, {Lee A.}",
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AB - The effects of task-induced cognitive fatigue on performance, strategy, and P300 event-related potentials (ERPs) were examined. Fatigue was induced by task load with participants completing either 700 mental rotation trials with (high fatigue) or without (low fatigue) a secondary task to increase fatigue. No differences were found between groups when examining mental rotation task decision accuracy or strategy; however, the number of trials in which the participant's total trial time was greater than twice their average was influenced by experimental manipulations designed to increase task difficulty. These 'minibreaks', referred to as blocking, may have served to regulate effort expenditure in order to preserve task performance. P300 peak amplitude differed between groups, with high blocking participants showing a reduced amplitude and more dispersed P300 topology compared to low blockers. These results provide compelling evidence that performance outcome may not be affected by task demands if a compensatory effort strategy is utilized.

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