A Pursuit Theory Account for the Perception of Common Motion in Motion Parallax

Michael Ratzlaff, Mark Nawrot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The visual system uses an extraretinal pursuit eye movement signal to disambiguate the perception of depth from motion parallax. Visual motion in the same direction as the pursuit is perceived nearer in depth while visual motion in the opposite direction as pursuit is perceived farther in depth. This explanation of depth sign applies to either an allocentric frame of reference centered on the fixation point or an egocentric frame of reference centered on the observer. A related problem is that of depth order when two stimuli have a common direction of motion. The first psychophysical study determined whether perception of egocentric depth order is adequately explained by a model employing an allocentric framework, especially when the motion parallax stimuli have common rather than divergent motion. A second study determined whether a reversal in perceived depth order, produced by a reduction in pursuit velocity, is also explained by this model employing this allocentric framework. The results show than an allocentric model can explain both the egocentric perception of depth order with common motion and the perceptual depth order reversal created by a reduction in pursuit velocity. We conclude that an egocentric model is not the only explanation for perceived depth order in these common motion conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)991-1007
Number of pages17
JournalPerception
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Motion Perception
Depth Perception
Eye movements
Eye Movements

Keywords

  • common motion
  • depth perception
  • motion parallax
  • pursuit eye movements
  • visual perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

A Pursuit Theory Account for the Perception of Common Motion in Motion Parallax. / Ratzlaff, Michael; Nawrot, Mark.

In: Perception, Vol. 45, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 991-1007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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