A Prospective Examination of Anxiety as a Predictor of Depressive Symptoms Among Asian American Early Adolescent Youth

The Role of Parent, Peer, and Teacher Support and School Engagement

Prerna G. Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population. Method: Participants included AA youth (N = 186; Mage = 12.50, SD = 1.16; 51.1% male) who completed questionnaires on 2 occasions with a 1-year interval. Results: Results from path analysis indicated that high anxiety symptoms were related to increased depressive symptoms over time. Further, teacher support was related to decreased depressive symptoms over time. Additionally, teacher and parent support moderated the association between adolescents' anxiety and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Findings contribute to our understanding of the development of depression among early adolescent youth and have implications for the development of programming for Asian American youth with anxiety and depression. (PsycINFO Database Record

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 12 2017

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Asian Americans
parents
Anxiety
Depression
anxiety
adolescent
examination
teacher
school
path analysis
programming
School Teachers
questionnaire
Buffers

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Asian American
  • Depression
  • Family
  • School

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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title = "A Prospective Examination of Anxiety as a Predictor of Depressive Symptoms Among Asian American Early Adolescent Youth: The Role of Parent, Peer, and Teacher Support and School Engagement",
abstract = "Objective: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population. Method: Participants included AA youth (N = 186; Mage = 12.50, SD = 1.16; 51.1{\%} male) who completed questionnaires on 2 occasions with a 1-year interval. Results: Results from path analysis indicated that high anxiety symptoms were related to increased depressive symptoms over time. Further, teacher support was related to decreased depressive symptoms over time. Additionally, teacher and parent support moderated the association between adolescents' anxiety and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Findings contribute to our understanding of the development of depression among early adolescent youth and have implications for the development of programming for Asian American youth with anxiety and depression. (PsycINFO Database Record",
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author = "Arora, {Prerna G.} and Wheeler, {Lorey A} and Sycarah Fisher and Jessica Barnes",
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AU - Barnes, Jessica

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N2 - Objective: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population. Method: Participants included AA youth (N = 186; Mage = 12.50, SD = 1.16; 51.1% male) who completed questionnaires on 2 occasions with a 1-year interval. Results: Results from path analysis indicated that high anxiety symptoms were related to increased depressive symptoms over time. Further, teacher support was related to decreased depressive symptoms over time. Additionally, teacher and parent support moderated the association between adolescents' anxiety and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Findings contribute to our understanding of the development of depression among early adolescent youth and have implications for the development of programming for Asian American youth with anxiety and depression. (PsycINFO Database Record

AB - Objective: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population. Method: Participants included AA youth (N = 186; Mage = 12.50, SD = 1.16; 51.1% male) who completed questionnaires on 2 occasions with a 1-year interval. Results: Results from path analysis indicated that high anxiety symptoms were related to increased depressive symptoms over time. Further, teacher support was related to decreased depressive symptoms over time. Additionally, teacher and parent support moderated the association between adolescents' anxiety and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Findings contribute to our understanding of the development of depression among early adolescent youth and have implications for the development of programming for Asian American youth with anxiety and depression. (PsycINFO Database Record

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