A Profile of the Assisted Living Direct Care Workforce in the United States

Christopher Kelly, Jennifer Craft Morgan, Candace L. Kemp, Jerome A Deichert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The purpose of this article was to develop a profile of direct care workers (DCWs) in assisted living (AL). Research Design and Methods: We used data from 2014 American Community Survey (ACS) to identify the demographic and employment characteristics of AL DCWs. We collected state training requirements for AL DCWs from the administrative rules of state agencies and interviews with state officials. Results: AL DCWs were more likely than other DCWs to be younger, male, White, English speaking, U.S.-born, never married, and to have attended college. Two Affordable Care Act (ACA)–designated training topics (self-care and the role of the personal care aide) were not required in any state. Discussion and Implications: AL has tapped a unique pool of workers (i.e., younger, male as well as female, and with some college education) but needs to address its workforce needs via training, improvements to overall job quality, and the development of career opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Self Care
Research Design
Demography
Interviews
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • aging in place
  • personal care
  • residential care
  • staffing
  • training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

A Profile of the Assisted Living Direct Care Workforce in the United States. / Kelly, Christopher; Craft Morgan, Jennifer; Kemp, Candace L.; Deichert, Jerome A.

In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1238d85e8ed04eb398c4c11cd7ddf57c,
title = "A Profile of the Assisted Living Direct Care Workforce in the United States",
abstract = "Background and Objectives: The purpose of this article was to develop a profile of direct care workers (DCWs) in assisted living (AL). Research Design and Methods: We used data from 2014 American Community Survey (ACS) to identify the demographic and employment characteristics of AL DCWs. We collected state training requirements for AL DCWs from the administrative rules of state agencies and interviews with state officials. Results: AL DCWs were more likely than other DCWs to be younger, male, White, English speaking, U.S.-born, never married, and to have attended college. Two Affordable Care Act (ACA)–designated training topics (self-care and the role of the personal care aide) were not required in any state. Discussion and Implications: AL has tapped a unique pool of workers (i.e., younger, male as well as female, and with some college education) but needs to address its workforce needs via training, improvements to overall job quality, and the development of career opportunities.",
keywords = "aging in place, personal care, residential care, staffing, training",
author = "Christopher Kelly and {Craft Morgan}, Jennifer and Kemp, {Candace L.} and Deichert, {Jerome A}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0733464818757000",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Applied Gerontology",
issn = "0733-4648",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Profile of the Assisted Living Direct Care Workforce in the United States

AU - Kelly, Christopher

AU - Craft Morgan, Jennifer

AU - Kemp, Candace L.

AU - Deichert, Jerome A

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Background and Objectives: The purpose of this article was to develop a profile of direct care workers (DCWs) in assisted living (AL). Research Design and Methods: We used data from 2014 American Community Survey (ACS) to identify the demographic and employment characteristics of AL DCWs. We collected state training requirements for AL DCWs from the administrative rules of state agencies and interviews with state officials. Results: AL DCWs were more likely than other DCWs to be younger, male, White, English speaking, U.S.-born, never married, and to have attended college. Two Affordable Care Act (ACA)–designated training topics (self-care and the role of the personal care aide) were not required in any state. Discussion and Implications: AL has tapped a unique pool of workers (i.e., younger, male as well as female, and with some college education) but needs to address its workforce needs via training, improvements to overall job quality, and the development of career opportunities.

AB - Background and Objectives: The purpose of this article was to develop a profile of direct care workers (DCWs) in assisted living (AL). Research Design and Methods: We used data from 2014 American Community Survey (ACS) to identify the demographic and employment characteristics of AL DCWs. We collected state training requirements for AL DCWs from the administrative rules of state agencies and interviews with state officials. Results: AL DCWs were more likely than other DCWs to be younger, male, White, English speaking, U.S.-born, never married, and to have attended college. Two Affordable Care Act (ACA)–designated training topics (self-care and the role of the personal care aide) were not required in any state. Discussion and Implications: AL has tapped a unique pool of workers (i.e., younger, male as well as female, and with some college education) but needs to address its workforce needs via training, improvements to overall job quality, and the development of career opportunities.

KW - aging in place

KW - personal care

KW - residential care

KW - staffing

KW - training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042131490&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042131490&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0733464818757000

DO - 10.1177/0733464818757000

M3 - Article

C2 - 29430982

AN - SCOPUS:85042131490

JO - Journal of Applied Gerontology

JF - Journal of Applied Gerontology

SN - 0733-4648

ER -