A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors

Brittany A. Duncan, Robin R. Murphy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a model of comfortable distance that captures the factors and conditions known to affect personal space in human-human and human-robot interactions, as well as any identified relationships between them. In the first known human-robot interaction (HRI) survey on approach distance, 19 papers were reviewed and the comfortable distance model was synthesized with three distinct types of inputs: environmental conditions, personal factors, and agent factors. Five environmental conditions (lighting, ceiling height, indoor/outdoor, room size, and barrier height) and seven personal factors (gender, age, mood, personality, pet ownership, robot experience, and sitting/standing) structure the model, with four agent factors (angle of approach, height of agent, speed of approach, and gaze) used as tuning parameters to produce behaviors with appropriate distances. Currently, HRI researchers generally focus on one factor at a time (e.g., approach angle or approach speed), without considering the previous work in adjacent fields, such as psychology and other social sciences. This has resulted in environmental factors being ignored by the HRI community. The comfortable distance model is a new tool for HRI researchers and is expandable so that it can incorporate new factors as they are identified. This survey will inform researchers about factors which had been previously overlooked in the field of HRI and will allow future researchers to consider the impact of identified variables to create more complete experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012
Pages622-627
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2012
Event2012 13th International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: May 21 2012May 25 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012

Conference

Conference2012 13th International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period5/21/125/25/12

Fingerprint

Human robot interaction
Social sciences
Ceilings
Tuning
Lighting
Robots
Experiments

Keywords

  • Human Factors and Evaluation Methodologies
  • Interaction Control in Robotic Systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Duncan, B. A., & Murphy, R. R. (2012). A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors. In Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012 (pp. 622-627). [6261117] (Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012). https://doi.org/10.1109/CTS.2012.6261117

A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors. / Duncan, Brittany A.; Murphy, Robin R.

Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012. 2012. p. 622-627 6261117 (Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Duncan, BA & Murphy, RR 2012, A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors. in Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012., 6261117, Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012, pp. 622-627, 2012 13th International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012, Denver, CO, United States, 5/21/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/CTS.2012.6261117
Duncan BA, Murphy RR. A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors. In Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012. 2012. p. 622-627. 6261117. (Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012). https://doi.org/10.1109/CTS.2012.6261117
Duncan, Brittany A. ; Murphy, Robin R. / A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012. 2012. pp. 622-627 (Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012).
@inproceedings{94b322d1392b406bbbaa1c33bc235494,
title = "A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors",
abstract = "This paper presents a model of comfortable distance that captures the factors and conditions known to affect personal space in human-human and human-robot interactions, as well as any identified relationships between them. In the first known human-robot interaction (HRI) survey on approach distance, 19 papers were reviewed and the comfortable distance model was synthesized with three distinct types of inputs: environmental conditions, personal factors, and agent factors. Five environmental conditions (lighting, ceiling height, indoor/outdoor, room size, and barrier height) and seven personal factors (gender, age, mood, personality, pet ownership, robot experience, and sitting/standing) structure the model, with four agent factors (angle of approach, height of agent, speed of approach, and gaze) used as tuning parameters to produce behaviors with appropriate distances. Currently, HRI researchers generally focus on one factor at a time (e.g., approach angle or approach speed), without considering the previous work in adjacent fields, such as psychology and other social sciences. This has resulted in environmental factors being ignored by the HRI community. The comfortable distance model is a new tool for HRI researchers and is expandable so that it can incorporate new factors as they are identified. This survey will inform researchers about factors which had been previously overlooked in the field of HRI and will allow future researchers to consider the impact of identified variables to create more complete experiments.",
keywords = "Human Factors and Evaluation Methodologies, Interaction Control in Robotic Systems",
author = "Duncan, {Brittany A.} and Murphy, {Robin R.}",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1109/CTS.2012.6261117",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781467313803",
series = "Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012",
pages = "622--627",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - A preliminary model for comfortable approach distance based on environmental conditions and personal factors

AU - Duncan, Brittany A.

AU - Murphy, Robin R.

PY - 2012/10/5

Y1 - 2012/10/5

N2 - This paper presents a model of comfortable distance that captures the factors and conditions known to affect personal space in human-human and human-robot interactions, as well as any identified relationships between them. In the first known human-robot interaction (HRI) survey on approach distance, 19 papers were reviewed and the comfortable distance model was synthesized with three distinct types of inputs: environmental conditions, personal factors, and agent factors. Five environmental conditions (lighting, ceiling height, indoor/outdoor, room size, and barrier height) and seven personal factors (gender, age, mood, personality, pet ownership, robot experience, and sitting/standing) structure the model, with four agent factors (angle of approach, height of agent, speed of approach, and gaze) used as tuning parameters to produce behaviors with appropriate distances. Currently, HRI researchers generally focus on one factor at a time (e.g., approach angle or approach speed), without considering the previous work in adjacent fields, such as psychology and other social sciences. This has resulted in environmental factors being ignored by the HRI community. The comfortable distance model is a new tool for HRI researchers and is expandable so that it can incorporate new factors as they are identified. This survey will inform researchers about factors which had been previously overlooked in the field of HRI and will allow future researchers to consider the impact of identified variables to create more complete experiments.

AB - This paper presents a model of comfortable distance that captures the factors and conditions known to affect personal space in human-human and human-robot interactions, as well as any identified relationships between them. In the first known human-robot interaction (HRI) survey on approach distance, 19 papers were reviewed and the comfortable distance model was synthesized with three distinct types of inputs: environmental conditions, personal factors, and agent factors. Five environmental conditions (lighting, ceiling height, indoor/outdoor, room size, and barrier height) and seven personal factors (gender, age, mood, personality, pet ownership, robot experience, and sitting/standing) structure the model, with four agent factors (angle of approach, height of agent, speed of approach, and gaze) used as tuning parameters to produce behaviors with appropriate distances. Currently, HRI researchers generally focus on one factor at a time (e.g., approach angle or approach speed), without considering the previous work in adjacent fields, such as psychology and other social sciences. This has resulted in environmental factors being ignored by the HRI community. The comfortable distance model is a new tool for HRI researchers and is expandable so that it can incorporate new factors as they are identified. This survey will inform researchers about factors which had been previously overlooked in the field of HRI and will allow future researchers to consider the impact of identified variables to create more complete experiments.

KW - Human Factors and Evaluation Methodologies

KW - Interaction Control in Robotic Systems

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866887450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866887450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/CTS.2012.6261117

DO - 10.1109/CTS.2012.6261117

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84866887450

SN - 9781467313803

T3 - Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012

SP - 622

EP - 627

BT - Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, CTS 2012

ER -