A novel variant of DNA polymerase ζ, Rev3δC, highlights differential regulation of Pol32 as a subunit of polymerase δ versus ζ in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Hollie M. Siebler, Artem G. Lada, Andrey G. Baranovskiy, Tahir H Tahirov, Youri I Pavlov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unrepaired DNA lesions often stall replicative DNA polymerases and are bypassed by translesion synthesis (TLS) to prevent replication fork collapse. Mechanisms of TLS are lesion- and species-specific, with a prominent role of specialized DNA polymerases with relaxed active sites. After nucleotide(s) are incorporated across from the altered base(s), the aberrant primer termini are typically extended by DNA polymerase ζ (pol ζ). As a result, pol ζ is responsible for most DNA damage-induced mutations. The mechanisms of sequential DNA polymerase switches in vivo remain unclear. The major replicative DNA polymerase δ (pol δ) shares two accessory subunits, called Pol31/Pol32 in yeast, with pol ζ. Inclusion of Pol31/Pol32 in the pol δ/pol ζ holoenzymes requires a [4Fe-4S] cluster in C-termini of the catalytic subunits. Disruption of this cluster in Pol ζ or deletion of POL32 attenuates induced mutagenesis. Here we describe a novel mutation affecting the catalytic subunit of pol ζ, rev3δC, which provides insight into the regulation of pol switches. Strains with Rev3δC, lacking the entire C-terminal domain and therefore the platform for Pol31/Pol32 binding, are partially proficient in Pol32-dependent UV-induced mutagenesis. This suggests an additional role of Pol32 in TLS, beyond being a pol ζ subunit, related to pol δ. In search for members of this regulatory pathway, we examined the effects of Maintenance of Genome Stability 1 (Mgs1) protein on mutagenesis in the absence of Rev3-Pol31/Pol32 interaction. Mgs1 may compete with Pol32 for binding to PCNA. Mgs1 overproduction suppresses induced mutagenesis, but had no effect on UV-mutagenesis in the rev3δC strain, suggesting that Mgs1 exerts its inhibitory effect by acting specifically on Pol32 bound to pol ζ. The evidence for differential regulation of Pol32 in pol δ and pol ζ emphasizes the complexity of polymerase switches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-149
Number of pages12
JournalDNA Repair
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

Mutagenesis
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Yeast
Genomic Instability
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Genes
Maintenance
Catalytic Domain
Switches
Holoenzymes
Mutation
DNA
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
Accessories
DNA Damage
Nucleotides
Yeasts
Proteins

Keywords

  • Mgs1
  • Pol32
  • Polymerase switch
  • Polymerase ζ
  • Translesion DNA synthesis
  • UV mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

A novel variant of DNA polymerase ζ, Rev3δC, highlights differential regulation of Pol32 as a subunit of polymerase δ versus ζ in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. / Siebler, Hollie M.; Lada, Artem G.; Baranovskiy, Andrey G.; Tahirov, Tahir H; Pavlov, Youri I.

In: DNA Repair, Vol. 24, 01.12.2014, p. 138-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Unrepaired DNA lesions often stall replicative DNA polymerases and are bypassed by translesion synthesis (TLS) to prevent replication fork collapse. Mechanisms of TLS are lesion- and species-specific, with a prominent role of specialized DNA polymerases with relaxed active sites. After nucleotide(s) are incorporated across from the altered base(s), the aberrant primer termini are typically extended by DNA polymerase ζ (pol ζ). As a result, pol ζ is responsible for most DNA damage-induced mutations. The mechanisms of sequential DNA polymerase switches in vivo remain unclear. The major replicative DNA polymerase δ (pol δ) shares two accessory subunits, called Pol31/Pol32 in yeast, with pol ζ. Inclusion of Pol31/Pol32 in the pol δ/pol ζ holoenzymes requires a [4Fe-4S] cluster in C-termini of the catalytic subunits. Disruption of this cluster in Pol ζ or deletion of POL32 attenuates induced mutagenesis. Here we describe a novel mutation affecting the catalytic subunit of pol ζ, rev3δC, which provides insight into the regulation of pol switches. Strains with Rev3δC, lacking the entire C-terminal domain and therefore the platform for Pol31/Pol32 binding, are partially proficient in Pol32-dependent UV-induced mutagenesis. This suggests an additional role of Pol32 in TLS, beyond being a pol ζ subunit, related to pol δ. In search for members of this regulatory pathway, we examined the effects of Maintenance of Genome Stability 1 (Mgs1) protein on mutagenesis in the absence of Rev3-Pol31/Pol32 interaction. Mgs1 may compete with Pol32 for binding to PCNA. Mgs1 overproduction suppresses induced mutagenesis, but had no effect on UV-mutagenesis in the rev3δC strain, suggesting that Mgs1 exerts its inhibitory effect by acting specifically on Pol32 bound to pol ζ. The evidence for differential regulation of Pol32 in pol δ and pol ζ emphasizes the complexity of polymerase switches.",
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AU - Tahirov, Tahir H

AU - Pavlov, Youri I

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AB - Unrepaired DNA lesions often stall replicative DNA polymerases and are bypassed by translesion synthesis (TLS) to prevent replication fork collapse. Mechanisms of TLS are lesion- and species-specific, with a prominent role of specialized DNA polymerases with relaxed active sites. After nucleotide(s) are incorporated across from the altered base(s), the aberrant primer termini are typically extended by DNA polymerase ζ (pol ζ). As a result, pol ζ is responsible for most DNA damage-induced mutations. The mechanisms of sequential DNA polymerase switches in vivo remain unclear. The major replicative DNA polymerase δ (pol δ) shares two accessory subunits, called Pol31/Pol32 in yeast, with pol ζ. Inclusion of Pol31/Pol32 in the pol δ/pol ζ holoenzymes requires a [4Fe-4S] cluster in C-termini of the catalytic subunits. Disruption of this cluster in Pol ζ or deletion of POL32 attenuates induced mutagenesis. Here we describe a novel mutation affecting the catalytic subunit of pol ζ, rev3δC, which provides insight into the regulation of pol switches. Strains with Rev3δC, lacking the entire C-terminal domain and therefore the platform for Pol31/Pol32 binding, are partially proficient in Pol32-dependent UV-induced mutagenesis. This suggests an additional role of Pol32 in TLS, beyond being a pol ζ subunit, related to pol δ. In search for members of this regulatory pathway, we examined the effects of Maintenance of Genome Stability 1 (Mgs1) protein on mutagenesis in the absence of Rev3-Pol31/Pol32 interaction. Mgs1 may compete with Pol32 for binding to PCNA. Mgs1 overproduction suppresses induced mutagenesis, but had no effect on UV-mutagenesis in the rev3δC strain, suggesting that Mgs1 exerts its inhibitory effect by acting specifically on Pol32 bound to pol ζ. The evidence for differential regulation of Pol32 in pol δ and pol ζ emphasizes the complexity of polymerase switches.

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