A novel method to recover ammonia, manganese and sulfate from electrolytic manganese residues by bio-leaching

Jirong Lan, Yan Sun, Li Guo, Zhuoman Li, Dongyun Du, Tian C. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The electrolytic manganese residues (EMRs) contain variable amounts of trace metals and valuable elements, which can negatively impact the environment. This research focused on recovering valuable elements (SO 4 2− , NH 3 –N, Mn, Mg, and Fe) from EMRs by bioleaching. Bacteria (Y1) were isolated from EMRs and then acclimated for bioleaching processes. The bacteria can grow with waste molasses as the only carbon/nutrient source. After bioleaching for 8 days, 78–88%, 85–98%, 75–85%, 88–95%, and 95–99% of SO 4 2− , Mn, Mg, Fe, and NH 3 –N were leached out from EMRs with a solid-to-liquid ratio of 1:2.5 kg of EMR powder L −1 of leaching liquid. Then, the elements of NH 3 –N, Mn, Mg, and Fe were separately precipitated as (NH 4 ) 2 Mn(SO 4 ) 2 6H 2 O, (NH 4 ) 2 Mg(SO 4 ) 2 6H 2 O and (NH 4 ) Fe(SO 4 ) 2 6H 2 O by adjusting the pH of the bioleachate (i.e., the filtrate of the leachate solution) to 8.5–9.0. The process could be cost-effective due to the use of waste molasses (a low-cost product from sugar processes) as carbon sources and may have a great potential for industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-507
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 2019



  • Bioleaching
  • Electrolytic manganese residues
  • Recovery of heavy metals
  • Resource recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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