A novel method to determine the motor efficiency under variable speed operations and partial load conditions

Yunhua Li, Mingsheng Liu, Josephine Lau, Bei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations


As one of the significant parameters to characterize the motor performance, motor efficiency changes under variable speed and load conditions. Although there are many methods to measure the partial load motor efficiency under the full speed condition, few of them are available to estimate the efficiency under partial speed conditions. In this paper, a new and original concept of "load ratio" is brought forward to describe the motor performances. A simple method is proposed to estimate the motor efficiency under variable speeds operations and partial load conditions using load ratio, speed ratio, rated motor power and rated motor efficiency. To validate the accuracy of this method, the partial loads full speed operation data from the MotorMaster+ database and the published data under the variable speed conditions from other researcher's tests are used for demonstration. The results indicate that the relative errors using the proposed method at full speed are within ±5%. Under variable speed conditions, the relative error is within 10% when the speed ratio is above 0.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-240
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Energy
Publication statusPublished - Apr 5 2015



  • HVAC
  • Motor efficiency
  • Partial load
  • Variable speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this