A not-so-distant mirror

The 17th amendment and congressional change

Sara Brandes Crook, John R Hibbing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At the beginning of the century, the Constitution was amended to permit direct election of U.S. senators. We examine the shift to determine the extent to which an electoral reform can result in meaningful change. Variables are analyzed that tap the Senate's membership and responsiveness before and after direct election, and House data are employed to control for history effects. The results indicate that changing the mode of senatorial selection did indeed lead to alterations in the composition and sensitivity of the Senate, a finding that should encourage caution regarding the electoral reforms being advocated at the end of the century.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-853
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Political Science Review
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

direct election
senate
amendment
reform
constitution
history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

A not-so-distant mirror : The 17th amendment and congressional change. / Crook, Sara Brandes; Hibbing, John R.

In: American Political Science Review, Vol. 91, No. 4, 01.01.1997, p. 845-853.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c922db1697ae42dcaee0c2ac666e0b15,
title = "A not-so-distant mirror: The 17th amendment and congressional change",
abstract = "At the beginning of the century, the Constitution was amended to permit direct election of U.S. senators. We examine the shift to determine the extent to which an electoral reform can result in meaningful change. Variables are analyzed that tap the Senate's membership and responsiveness before and after direct election, and House data are employed to control for history effects. The results indicate that changing the mode of senatorial selection did indeed lead to alterations in the composition and sensitivity of the Senate, a finding that should encourage caution regarding the electoral reforms being advocated at the end of the century.",
author = "Crook, {Sara Brandes} and Hibbing, {John R}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2307/2952168",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "91",
pages = "845--853",
journal = "American Political Science Review",
issn = "0003-0554",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A not-so-distant mirror

T2 - The 17th amendment and congressional change

AU - Crook, Sara Brandes

AU - Hibbing, John R

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - At the beginning of the century, the Constitution was amended to permit direct election of U.S. senators. We examine the shift to determine the extent to which an electoral reform can result in meaningful change. Variables are analyzed that tap the Senate's membership and responsiveness before and after direct election, and House data are employed to control for history effects. The results indicate that changing the mode of senatorial selection did indeed lead to alterations in the composition and sensitivity of the Senate, a finding that should encourage caution regarding the electoral reforms being advocated at the end of the century.

AB - At the beginning of the century, the Constitution was amended to permit direct election of U.S. senators. We examine the shift to determine the extent to which an electoral reform can result in meaningful change. Variables are analyzed that tap the Senate's membership and responsiveness before and after direct election, and House data are employed to control for history effects. The results indicate that changing the mode of senatorial selection did indeed lead to alterations in the composition and sensitivity of the Senate, a finding that should encourage caution regarding the electoral reforms being advocated at the end of the century.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031521303&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031521303&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2307/2952168

DO - 10.2307/2952168

M3 - Article

VL - 91

SP - 845

EP - 853

JO - American Political Science Review

JF - American Political Science Review

SN - 0003-0554

IS - 4

ER -