### Abstract

The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the relation between mathematics and working memory (WM) and to identify possible moderators of this relation including domains of WM, types of mathematics skills, and sample type. A meta-analysis of 110 studies with 829 effect sizes found a significant medium correlation of mathematics and WM, r = .35, 95% confidence interval [.32, .37]. Moderation analyses indicated that mathematics showed comparable association with verbal WM, numerical WM, and visuospatial WM. Word-problem solving and whole-number calculations showed the strongest relation with WM whereas geometry showed the weakest relation with WM. The relation between WM and mathematics was stronger among individuals with mathematics difficulties that are associated with other disorders or cognitive deficits compared with that among typically developing individuals and individuals with only mathematics difficulties. The implications of these findings with respect to mathematics instruction and WM training are discussed.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 455-473 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Journal of Educational Psychology |

Volume | 108 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 1 2016 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Domain
- Mathematics
- Sample type
- Working memory

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Education
- Developmental and Educational Psychology

### Cite this

**A meta-analysis of mathematics and working memory : Moderating effects of working memory domain, type of mathematics skill, and sample characteristics.** / Peng, Peng; Namkung, Jessica; Barnes, Marcia; Sun, Congying.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Educational Psychology*, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 455-473. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000079

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A meta-analysis of mathematics and working memory

T2 - Moderating effects of working memory domain, type of mathematics skill, and sample characteristics

AU - Peng, Peng

AU - Namkung, Jessica

AU - Barnes, Marcia

AU - Sun, Congying

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the relation between mathematics and working memory (WM) and to identify possible moderators of this relation including domains of WM, types of mathematics skills, and sample type. A meta-analysis of 110 studies with 829 effect sizes found a significant medium correlation of mathematics and WM, r = .35, 95% confidence interval [.32, .37]. Moderation analyses indicated that mathematics showed comparable association with verbal WM, numerical WM, and visuospatial WM. Word-problem solving and whole-number calculations showed the strongest relation with WM whereas geometry showed the weakest relation with WM. The relation between WM and mathematics was stronger among individuals with mathematics difficulties that are associated with other disorders or cognitive deficits compared with that among typically developing individuals and individuals with only mathematics difficulties. The implications of these findings with respect to mathematics instruction and WM training are discussed.

AB - The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the relation between mathematics and working memory (WM) and to identify possible moderators of this relation including domains of WM, types of mathematics skills, and sample type. A meta-analysis of 110 studies with 829 effect sizes found a significant medium correlation of mathematics and WM, r = .35, 95% confidence interval [.32, .37]. Moderation analyses indicated that mathematics showed comparable association with verbal WM, numerical WM, and visuospatial WM. Word-problem solving and whole-number calculations showed the strongest relation with WM whereas geometry showed the weakest relation with WM. The relation between WM and mathematics was stronger among individuals with mathematics difficulties that are associated with other disorders or cognitive deficits compared with that among typically developing individuals and individuals with only mathematics difficulties. The implications of these findings with respect to mathematics instruction and WM training are discussed.

KW - Domain

KW - Mathematics

KW - Sample type

KW - Working memory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940933632&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84940933632&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/edu0000079

DO - 10.1037/edu0000079

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84940933632

VL - 108

SP - 455

EP - 473

JO - Journal of Educational Psychology

JF - Journal of Educational Psychology

SN - 0022-0663

IS - 4

ER -