A Diet Enriched in Palmitate and Deficient in Linoleate Exacerbates Oxidative Stress and Amyloid-β Burden in the Hippocampus of 3xTg-AD Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease

Gurdeep Marwarha, Kate Claycombe-Larson, Jonah Lund, Jared Schommer, Othman Ghribi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have suggested a positive correlation between saturated fat intake and the risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). While diets-enriched in the saturated free fatty acid (sFFA) palmitate has been shown to induce cognitive dysfunction and AD-like pathology, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as linoleate have been suggested to protect against AD in mouse models. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate the deleterious effects of palmitate or the protective effects of linoleate remain to be characterized. We fed 9-month-old cohorts of triple transgenic AD mice (3xTg-AD) and their-matched controls with a palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet for three months and determined the impact of the diet on oxidative stress, Bace1 promoter transactivation status, and amyloid-β (Aβ) burden. The palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet causes a profound increase in oxidative stress burden characterized by significant oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids concomitant with deficits in the endogenous antioxidant defense capacity in the hippocampi of 3xTg-AD mice. These effects were also associated with increased NF-κB transcriptional activity resulting in NF-κB-mediated transactivation of the Bace1 promoter that culminated in higher BACE1 expression and activity, and Aβ production. Our study unveils a novel mechanism by which a diet enriched in the sFFA palmitate and deficient in the PUFA linoleate exacerbates AD-like pathology involving signaling cross-talk between oxidative stress and NF-κB activation as a critical underlying factor in upregulating BACE1 activity and increasing Aβ burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-237
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Palmitates
Linoleic Acid
Amyloid
Hippocampus
Alzheimer Disease
Oxidative Stress
Diet
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Transcriptional Activation
Fatty Acids
Pathology
Nucleic Acids
Epidemiologic Studies
Antioxidants
Fats
Lipids
Proteins

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • BACE1
  • NF- κ B
  • amyloid-β
  • linoleate
  • oxidative stress
  • palmitate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

A Diet Enriched in Palmitate and Deficient in Linoleate Exacerbates Oxidative Stress and Amyloid-β Burden in the Hippocampus of 3xTg-AD Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. / Marwarha, Gurdeep; Claycombe-Larson, Kate; Lund, Jonah; Schommer, Jared; Ghribi, Othman.

In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, Vol. 68, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 219-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7d55dd0bda09423bb23f312c2a6cf20e,
title = "A Diet Enriched in Palmitate and Deficient in Linoleate Exacerbates Oxidative Stress and Amyloid-β Burden in the Hippocampus of 3xTg-AD Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease",
abstract = "Epidemiological studies have suggested a positive correlation between saturated fat intake and the risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). While diets-enriched in the saturated free fatty acid (sFFA) palmitate has been shown to induce cognitive dysfunction and AD-like pathology, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as linoleate have been suggested to protect against AD in mouse models. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate the deleterious effects of palmitate or the protective effects of linoleate remain to be characterized. We fed 9-month-old cohorts of triple transgenic AD mice (3xTg-AD) and their-matched controls with a palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet for three months and determined the impact of the diet on oxidative stress, Bace1 promoter transactivation status, and amyloid-β (Aβ) burden. The palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet causes a profound increase in oxidative stress burden characterized by significant oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids concomitant with deficits in the endogenous antioxidant defense capacity in the hippocampi of 3xTg-AD mice. These effects were also associated with increased NF-κB transcriptional activity resulting in NF-κB-mediated transactivation of the Bace1 promoter that culminated in higher BACE1 expression and activity, and Aβ production. Our study unveils a novel mechanism by which a diet enriched in the sFFA palmitate and deficient in the PUFA linoleate exacerbates AD-like pathology involving signaling cross-talk between oxidative stress and NF-κB activation as a critical underlying factor in upregulating BACE1 activity and increasing Aβ burden.",
keywords = "Alzheimer's disease, BACE1, NF- κ B, amyloid-β, linoleate, oxidative stress, palmitate",
author = "Gurdeep Marwarha and Kate Claycombe-Larson and Jonah Lund and Jared Schommer and Othman Ghribi",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3233/JAD-180835",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "68",
pages = "219--237",
journal = "Journal of Alzheimer's Disease",
issn = "1387-2877",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Diet Enriched in Palmitate and Deficient in Linoleate Exacerbates Oxidative Stress and Amyloid-β Burden in the Hippocampus of 3xTg-AD Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease

AU - Marwarha, Gurdeep

AU - Claycombe-Larson, Kate

AU - Lund, Jonah

AU - Schommer, Jared

AU - Ghribi, Othman

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Epidemiological studies have suggested a positive correlation between saturated fat intake and the risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). While diets-enriched in the saturated free fatty acid (sFFA) palmitate has been shown to induce cognitive dysfunction and AD-like pathology, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as linoleate have been suggested to protect against AD in mouse models. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate the deleterious effects of palmitate or the protective effects of linoleate remain to be characterized. We fed 9-month-old cohorts of triple transgenic AD mice (3xTg-AD) and their-matched controls with a palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet for three months and determined the impact of the diet on oxidative stress, Bace1 promoter transactivation status, and amyloid-β (Aβ) burden. The palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet causes a profound increase in oxidative stress burden characterized by significant oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids concomitant with deficits in the endogenous antioxidant defense capacity in the hippocampi of 3xTg-AD mice. These effects were also associated with increased NF-κB transcriptional activity resulting in NF-κB-mediated transactivation of the Bace1 promoter that culminated in higher BACE1 expression and activity, and Aβ production. Our study unveils a novel mechanism by which a diet enriched in the sFFA palmitate and deficient in the PUFA linoleate exacerbates AD-like pathology involving signaling cross-talk between oxidative stress and NF-κB activation as a critical underlying factor in upregulating BACE1 activity and increasing Aβ burden.

AB - Epidemiological studies have suggested a positive correlation between saturated fat intake and the risk for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). While diets-enriched in the saturated free fatty acid (sFFA) palmitate has been shown to induce cognitive dysfunction and AD-like pathology, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as linoleate have been suggested to protect against AD in mouse models. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms that mediate the deleterious effects of palmitate or the protective effects of linoleate remain to be characterized. We fed 9-month-old cohorts of triple transgenic AD mice (3xTg-AD) and their-matched controls with a palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet for three months and determined the impact of the diet on oxidative stress, Bace1 promoter transactivation status, and amyloid-β (Aβ) burden. The palmitate-enriched/linoleate-deficient diet causes a profound increase in oxidative stress burden characterized by significant oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids concomitant with deficits in the endogenous antioxidant defense capacity in the hippocampi of 3xTg-AD mice. These effects were also associated with increased NF-κB transcriptional activity resulting in NF-κB-mediated transactivation of the Bace1 promoter that culminated in higher BACE1 expression and activity, and Aβ production. Our study unveils a novel mechanism by which a diet enriched in the sFFA palmitate and deficient in the PUFA linoleate exacerbates AD-like pathology involving signaling cross-talk between oxidative stress and NF-κB activation as a critical underlying factor in upregulating BACE1 activity and increasing Aβ burden.

KW - Alzheimer's disease

KW - BACE1

KW - NF- κ B

KW - amyloid-β

KW - linoleate

KW - oxidative stress

KW - palmitate

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062841906&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062841906&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/JAD-180835

DO - 10.3233/JAD-180835

M3 - Article

C2 - 30714957

AN - SCOPUS:85062841906

VL - 68

SP - 219

EP - 237

JO - Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

JF - Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

SN - 1387-2877

IS - 1

ER -