A comparison of risk factors for sexual victimization among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual homeless young adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although high rates of sexual victimization have been reported among homeless youth, less is known about whether the risk factors vary for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth compared to heterosexual youth. Based on a sample of 172 homeless young adults ages 19 to 26, results revealed that depressive symptoms, prostitution, and having friends who traded sex were significantly associated with higher levels of sexual victimization. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults experienced more sexual victimization compared to heterosexual young adults. A test for interactions revealed that the effect of sexual orientation on sexual victimization was moderated by trading sex and having friends who traded sex. Finally, there is support for partial mediation of the effects of sexual abuse, neglect, and depressive symptoms on sexual victimization through other risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-602
Number of pages17
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

Crime Victims
Heterosexuality
victimization
young adult
Young Adult
Sex Work
Depression
Homeless Youth
prostitution
sexual orientation
sexual violence
Sex Offenses
mediation
neglect
Sexual Behavior
Sexual Minorities
interaction

Keywords

  • Homeless young adults
  • Maltreatment
  • Sexual minority
  • Sexual victimization
  • Trading sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

Cite this

@article{9fb9188da4a348239a01176206682851,
title = "A comparison of risk factors for sexual victimization among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual homeless young adults",
abstract = "Although high rates of sexual victimization have been reported among homeless youth, less is known about whether the risk factors vary for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth compared to heterosexual youth. Based on a sample of 172 homeless young adults ages 19 to 26, results revealed that depressive symptoms, prostitution, and having friends who traded sex were significantly associated with higher levels of sexual victimization. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults experienced more sexual victimization compared to heterosexual young adults. A test for interactions revealed that the effect of sexual orientation on sexual victimization was moderated by trading sex and having friends who traded sex. Finally, there is support for partial mediation of the effects of sexual abuse, neglect, and depressive symptoms on sexual victimization through other risk factors.",
keywords = "Homeless young adults, Maltreatment, Sexual minority, Sexual victimization, Trading sex",
author = "Tyler, {Kimberly A}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1891/0886-6708.23.5.586",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "586--602",
journal = "Violence and Victims",
issn = "0886-6708",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of risk factors for sexual victimization among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual homeless young adults

AU - Tyler, Kimberly A

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - Although high rates of sexual victimization have been reported among homeless youth, less is known about whether the risk factors vary for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth compared to heterosexual youth. Based on a sample of 172 homeless young adults ages 19 to 26, results revealed that depressive symptoms, prostitution, and having friends who traded sex were significantly associated with higher levels of sexual victimization. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults experienced more sexual victimization compared to heterosexual young adults. A test for interactions revealed that the effect of sexual orientation on sexual victimization was moderated by trading sex and having friends who traded sex. Finally, there is support for partial mediation of the effects of sexual abuse, neglect, and depressive symptoms on sexual victimization through other risk factors.

AB - Although high rates of sexual victimization have been reported among homeless youth, less is known about whether the risk factors vary for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth compared to heterosexual youth. Based on a sample of 172 homeless young adults ages 19 to 26, results revealed that depressive symptoms, prostitution, and having friends who traded sex were significantly associated with higher levels of sexual victimization. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults experienced more sexual victimization compared to heterosexual young adults. A test for interactions revealed that the effect of sexual orientation on sexual victimization was moderated by trading sex and having friends who traded sex. Finally, there is support for partial mediation of the effects of sexual abuse, neglect, and depressive symptoms on sexual victimization through other risk factors.

KW - Homeless young adults

KW - Maltreatment

KW - Sexual minority

KW - Sexual victimization

KW - Trading sex

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=58149343838&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=58149343838&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1891/0886-6708.23.5.586

DO - 10.1891/0886-6708.23.5.586

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 586

EP - 602

JO - Violence and Victims

JF - Violence and Victims

SN - 0886-6708

IS - 5

ER -