A community program for the control of cardiovascular risk factors - A preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of the CHAD program in Jerusalem

J. H. Abramson, C. Hopp, J. Gofin, R. Gofin, A. Makler, J. Habib, I. Ronen

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Abstract

A community program for the control of cardiovascular risk factors, the CHAD program, was instituted in a family practice in western Jerusalem in 1971. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated by comparing the findings of community surveys conducted in 1970 and 1975 and by comparing the changes with those observed in an adjacent control neighborhood. This paper reports the findings among men aged 35 years and above. In the community exposed to the program there was a decrease in mean systolic and diastolic pressures, in the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, and in the prevalence of cigarette smoking. The changes in blood pressures and smoking habits were significantly greater than those observed in the control population. In the control population (only) there was a small increase in mean body weight and a decrease in reported physical activity. The findings suggest that it is possible for a program that operates in and through primary health care to have an appreciable influence upon cardiovascular risk factors in the community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-21
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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