207PB NMR and monte carlo studies of ionic solid solutions

K. Y.E. Young-Sk, Bruno Herreros, Gerard S. Harbison

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Abstract

Lead, strontium and barium nitrates, like the titanates of the same cations, form a continuous set of solid solutions. 207Pb NMR spectra of mixed crystals of lead/strontium nitrate and lead/barium nitrate each show up to 13 lines, arising from lead ions with from zero to twelve Pb2+ nearest-neighbor cations replaced by Sr2* or Ba2*. In the case of (Pb, Sr)(NO3)2 these shifted lines are further split by the multiplicity of inequivalent nearest-neighbor replacements. The average shift per Sr2+ ion is 21.8 ppm; that for Ba2t is smaller. Using Monte Carlo/Metropolis calculations, the intensities of the resonances can be fit to statistical models of Pb2* and Sr2* ion distributions, and used to probe the microenergetics of solid solution formation. The data can be satisfactorily fit by distributions in which the cations are slightly clustered, with like pairs of nearest neighbors being favored by 120 J/mol over unlike pairs. Interestingly, this finding is inconsistent with the conventional interpretation of powder diffraction results for the mixed crystals, where the dependence of lattice parameter on composition shows a slight positive curvature, generally held to indicate a favorable interaction between unlike ions. °1999 Materials Research Society.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-344
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume547
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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