The impact of marijuana use on brain and cognitive function in HIV-infected patients

Project: Research project

Description

Project Summary/AbstractThis amended R03 proposal is for a NIDA-sponsored, AIDS-Science Track Award for Research Transition (A-START; PA-15-290). The primary goal of the A-START program is to support the entry of new and early careerinvestigators into the area of drug abuse research in HIV/AIDS, particularly those whose current researchprogram focuses on either drug abuse or HIV/AIDS, and who now wish to expand their program and study theintersection of these two areas. The PI of the current proposal is an early career investigator who received hisfirst R01 award in August 2014 for a multimodal neuroimaging study examining how HIV-infection modulatesage-related cognitive decline. Since then, he has received an administrative supplement to expand enrollmentand examine sex differences in the R01 project, and been involved in other successful grants as a co-investigator. The PI is strongly committed to a career in neuroAIDS research, and through an A-START willexpand his research program into the neurobiology and neuropsychology of drug abuse in HIV/AIDS, with along-term focus on how substance abuse affects the incidence and severity of HIV-associated neurocognitivedisorders. Such disorders are the most common neurological complication of HIV disease, with prevalenceestimates ranging from 35-70% of all HIV-infected patients, and research targeting such comorbidities hasbeen identified as a top priority by the Office of AIDS Research (see NOT-OD-15-137).The primary research goals of this project are to quantify the unique neuropsychological and neurobiologicalconsequences of chronic marijuana abuse in HIV-infected patients. To this end, we will study demographically-matched groups of HIV-infected and uninfected heavy, light, and non-users of marijuana. All participants willundergo neuropsychological testing, high-resolution structural neuroimaging, and dynamic functional imagingwith magnetoencephalography (MEG). MEG is an emerging method that directly quantifies neurophysiologicalactivity and can produce functional maps with high spatial precision and millisecond temporal resolution. Datafor the HIV-infected and uninfected light and non-user groups will be collected through the PI?s R01 project,which uses the same neuropsychological and imaging methods, but considers heavy use to be an exclusioncriteria. Importantly, only four studies have examined the impact of marijuana abuse on cognitive function inHIV-infected patients, and these studies reported mixed results. Further, no study to date has evaluated brainstructure or function in this area. Thus, the consequences of marijuana abuse in HIV-infected patients remainlargely unknown, which is especially concerning as we enter an era of marijuana legalization. In summary, thisA-START project will: (a) provide seminal neuroimaging and neuropsychological data on how HIV-associatedneurocognitive disorders may be affected by chronic marijuana use, (b) contribute novel insight into whetherthe severity of neurological complications connects with the extent of marijuana consumption (heavy vs. light),and (c) serve as a springboard for the PI to begin drug abuse research in HIV/AIDS.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/167/31/18

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $153,104.00

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Cannabis
Cognition
HIV
Brain
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Substance-Related Disorders
Marijuana Abuse
Research
Magnetoencephalography
Light
Neuroimaging
Research Personnel
Neuropsychology
Functional Neuroimaging
Neurobiology
Organized Financing
Sex Characteristics
HIV Infections
Comorbidity
Research Design