Targeted Neuroprotection for HIV-1 Associated Dementia

  • Gendelman, Howard Eliot (PI)
  • Maggirwar, Sanjay B. (PI)
  • Schifitto, Giovanni (PI)
  • Dewhurst, Stephen (PI)
  • Gelbard, Harris (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the advent of highly
active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-1 associated dementia (HAD)
continues to be a significant healthcare problem. HAD elicits a cascade of
events in the CNS that result in a devastating loss of neuronal function and
cognitive deterioration. We posit that the disease process occurs in a
stepwise fashion, thus providing opportunity for the development of
therapeutics directed at discrete pathogenic mechanisms. This application
seeks to elucidate these mechanisms, identify small molecules to interdict
this sequence and to evaluate their efficacy in models of HAD. The overall
goals of this program project are to design rational therapeutic strategies to
ameliorate HAD, and rapidly bring promising agents to Phase-I trials in a
well-defined cohort of patients at risk for HAD. We propose to do this as
follows: the Administrative Core A will coordinate data from all studies, and
ensure that at least two clinical trials are performed during this award.
Project 1 will test the hypothesis that activation of glycogen synthase kinase
(GSK)-3beta may contribute to neuronal death and damage in the context of HAD;
this project will also conduct experiments aimed at the development of novel
inhibitors for GSK-3beta. Project 2 will target therapeutic strategies to
prevent HIV- 1 neurotoxins from interfering with dopaminergic
neurotransmission, which in turn induces Parkinson-like symptoms. Project 3
will exploit the ability of neurotrophic agents to activate nuclear factor
kappa B (NFKB) in neurons to provide neuroprotection from HIV- 1 neurotoxins.
Core B will then administer drugs (identified in Projects 1-3) + HAART to SCID
mice that have received subcortical injections of HIV-1-infected mononuclear
phagocytes. Brain metabolic (MRI spectroscopy, MRS) and behavioral assays will
quantify protective effects of therapy in these mice, and pharmacokinetic (PK)
assays will determine brain and serum levels of therapeutic agents and
potential drug interactions with HAART. Based on results from Projects 1-3 and
Core B patients in Project 4 receiving neuroprotective agents will first
undergo PK studies, followed by Phase I safety and tolerability trials.
Patients will primarily be enrolled from a well-characterized cohort at risk
for HAD. Assessment of cognitive, functional and brain MRS parameters will
also be performed. Results from the most promising trials will be disseminated
to NARC, ACTG and industry for larger trials to assess efficacy.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/015/31/16

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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HIV-1
Encephalitis
Drug Discovery
HIV Infections
Monocytes
Brain
Defective Viruses
SCID Mice
Poisons
Microglia
Neuroprotective Agents
Conditioned Culture Medium
Nervous System Diseases
Dementia
Immunity
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutics
Central Nervous System
Macrophages
Research Personnel

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)