Optimizing Temporal Resolution and Speech Recognition with Amplification

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this research project is to establish the use of temporal resolution data in hearing-aid research for eventual use in hearing-aid fittings. One reason adults with hearing loss exhibit poorer speech recognition than normal hearing adults might be that current amplification may not always provide sufficient access to the temporal cues in speech. Current hearing-aid fitting methods attempt to maximize speech intelligibility, speech audibility, or restore normal loudness but might fall short of those goals.
Incorporating measures of temporal resolution could lead to improved speech recognition. To facilitate the use of temporal-resolution data in the fitting of hearing aids, this project will obain measures of temporal resolution under conditions of amplification for the first aim. These data will be compared to measures of temporal resolution obtained for listeners with normal-hearing sensitivity. This methodology will allow us to test the ability of current hearing-aid fitting methds to provide access to temporal cues and to restore normal temporal resolution. The second aim will evaluate the effectiveness of restoring normal temporal resolution to optimize sentence recognition. The objective is to gain insight into what measures of temporal resolution can be used to optimize speech understanding. By knowing this information, hearing-aid fittings could be optimized to provide access to temporal information; possibly leading to improved speech recognition for listeners with hearing loss. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed research is relevant to public health because it address the communication difficulties experienced by individuals with hearing loss. Specifically, the goal of this project is to advance the optimization of hearing aid amplification.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/126/30/14

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $26,095.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $49,214.00

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Hearing Aids
Hearing Loss
Hearing
Cues
Recognition (Psychology)
Speech Intelligibility
Access to Information
Research
Aptitude
Public Health