MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF HIV-1-MEDIATED ENCEPHALOPATHY

  • Gendelman, Howard Eliot (PI)
  • Fisher, Paul (PI)
  • Potash, Mary Jane (PI)
  • Gelbard, Harris (PI)
  • Limoges, Jenae (PI)
  • Epstein, Leon (PI)
  • Blumberg, Benjamin (PI)
  • Gendleman, Howard (PI)
  • Sharer, Leroy (PI)
  • Volsky, David (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

The proposed Program Project is designed to determine the molecular basis
of HIV-1 associated encephalopathy. The Program utilizes several novel
experimental models and techniques to elucidate the interaction of HIV-1
with human neural tissue. These include new systems to study highly
permissive and non-permissive HIV-1 replication in neural cells in vitro,
a model for neuronotoxin induction involving HIV-1 infected macrophages,
an explant model of developing human brain, and two polymerase chain
reaction-based systems for testing HIV-1 involvement directly (ex vivo)
in brain section of HIV-1 infected children. Throughout this Program,
we intend to test two distinct, but complementary routes to HIV-1
associated neuropathogenesis: through direct effects of HIV-1
replication in neural cells and through indirect effects of HIV-1
infected macrophages on neural cells. Although they come from four
different institutions, the Project and Core Leaders in this Program have
a history of increasingly intense collaborations with each other that
made this comprehensive Program possible. The major goals of the individual Projects are as follows: Project 1. To determine the molecular interactions engendering efficient
HIV-1 replication in neural cells and their dysfunction. Project 2. To determine the molecular mechanisms through which HIV-1
infected macrophages and their products induce glial cell synthesis of
neuronotoxins. Project 3. To employ (cultured neural cells) and explant model of fetal
brain and to investigate the impact of HIV-1 replication, its cellular
origin, and its tropism on neuropathogenesis. Project 4. To localize HIV-1 infection, its gene expression, and
cellular gene modulation by in situ hybridization/PCR in brain sections
from children who died of AIDS. Core 9001. To determine env, nef, vif sequences unique to brain tissue
and construct chimeric viruses carrying them. Together these studies will use the detailed molecular mechanisms
revealed in culture systems directly to probe analogous interactions in
developing tissue and ex vivo to determine the basis for HIV-1 associated
encephalopathy and its control.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date12/1/928/31/10

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

Fingerprint

Phagocytes
HIV-1
Dementia
Macrophages
HIV
Neuroglia
Microglia
Astrocytes
Infection
Virus Diseases
Monocytes
Neurotoxins
Brain
HIV Infections
Organized Financing
Chemotactic Factors
Animal Models
Wounds and Injuries
Immunosuppression
SCID Mice

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)