Mechanisms of selective glycolytic inhibition in ischemic kidney proximal tubles

Project: Research project

Description

Abstract
Following ischemic renal injury (IRI), selective proximal straight tubule (PST) injury occurs in in vivo
experimental models. Previous reports indicated that selective glycolytic inhibition and the
consequent ATP depletion is the initiating cause that triggers all the subsequent events leading to
PST injury and cell death to instigate renal dysfunction; however, the exact mechanism by which
glycolysis is inhibited is not elucidated. Our recent report demonstrates that poly (ADP-ribose)
Polymerase-1 (PARP-1) mediated inhibition of the key glycolytic enzyme, glyceraldehyde-3-
phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), can induce downregulation of glycolysis and ATP depletion in
IRI. However, GAPDH inhibition by PARP-1 only partially accounted for ATP depletion, suggesting
that synergetic inhibition at additional glycolytic steps may occur. The current proposal is based on
new preliminary data indicating a novel paradigm that links p53 target TIGAR (Tp53 inducible
glycolysis and apoptosis regulator) to metabolic regulation of the rate limiting glycolytic enzyme
Phosphofructokinase (PFK) to induce ATP depletion and PST injury post-IRI. The objective of the
proposal is to define the role and the mechanisms by which TIGAR regulate glycolytic energy
metabolism in ischemic renal PST and determine whether synergistic inhibition of TIGAR and PARP-
1 protects from glycolytic inhibition and ATP depletion in the setting of IRI. The central hypothesis
is that modulation of the activity of the key glycolytic enzymes, PFK and GAPDH by TIGAR and
PARP-1 respectively, leads to downregulation of glycolysis and anaerobic ATP production in ischemic
PSTs. Based on our strong preliminary data, the validity of the hypothesis will be tested by pursuing
the following three specific aims: 1) determine the mechanism by which TIGAR activation in renal
PSTs inhibits anaerobic energy production post-IRI; 2) determine if the level of ischemic stress switch
TIGAR response towards ROS scavenging and autophagy versus glycolytic inhibition and cell death
pathways post-IRI and 3) determine if synergetic inhibition of TIGAR and PARP activation completely
protects PST from ischemic/hypoxic injury in in vivo models. Successful completion of the proposed
studies, will establish a new paradigm on the role of PARP-1 and TIGAR as the primary mechanism
that initiates glycolytic inhibition, ATP depletion and PST injury in IRI. The studies are innovative as
a role for PARP-1 and TIGAR in glycolytic inhibition in a pathological condition such as
ischemia/reperfusion injury has not been previously addressed in any organ. Results from the study
may provide novel therapeutic opportunities to intervene in PARP-1 and TIGAR functions to modulate
PST injury at its onset and may be extrapolated to intervene in the pathogenesis of human AKI.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/14/128/31/14

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $150,000.00

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Kidney
Wounds and Injuries
Apoptosis
Adenosine Triphosphate
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
Glycolysis
Down-Regulation
Proximal Kidney Tubule
Autophagy
Enzymes
Reperfusion Injury
Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1
Cell Death

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)