GENE TRANSFER TO AIRWAY EPITHELIAL CELLS

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is the most common lethal genetic disease among Caucasians. Lung diseases account for greater than 95 percent of the morbidity and mortality. Hence, CF lungs have been targeted for gene therapy. Current gene therapy vectors suffer from low transfection efficiency or induction of host immune response, which preclude them from being used for gene therapy in vivo and invite development of alternative vectors. We have developed a novel gene transfer vector composed of a receptor ligand and a cationic liposome, which yields high transfection efficiency in HeLa cells and immortalized tracheal epithelial cells of a cystic fibrosis patient (CFT1). The formation of liposome-transferrin-DNA complexes correlates with high transfection efficiency. The transfection vectors which contain transferrin, insulin, or cholera toxin could correct the cAMP-dependent chloride conductance defect in CFT1 cells. We propose to test the hypothesis that the liposome-receptor ligand-DNA complex by Sepharose gel chromatography and then characterize the physicochemical properties of the putative transfection complex by biochemical and transmission electron microscopic methods. We will examine if this complex alone or in combination with the receptor ligand and/or liposome yields high transfection efficiency in CFT1 cells, primary cultures of mouse and human airway epithelial cells, respiratory epithelial explants, and then in mouse airway epithelia in vivo. We will also characterize the kinetics of the receptor ligand-facilitated gene transfer using confocal microscopic, biochemical, molecular biological, and immunological techniques to identify the step(s) responsible for the enhancement of the transfection efficiency of liposome-mediated gene transfer. The efficacy of the gene therapy protocols employing a plasmid containing the cDNA encoding wild-type cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator will be examined in the primary cultures of airway epithelial cells and nasal and tracheal epithelia of CF mouse in vivo. The gene transfer vectors will be assessed for inflammatory and immune responses and cytopathology in normal and CF mouse. Correction of cAMP-dependent chloride conductance defect coupled with no immune response to the vectors in CF mouse should be the crucial information needed for planning future human gene therapy trials.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/9812/31/03

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $194,554.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $195,337.00
  • National Institutes of Health

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Transfection
Cystic Fibrosis
Epithelial Cells
Liposomes
Genetic Therapy
Genes
Ligands
Transferrin
Chlorides
Immunologic Techniques
Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
Agarose Chromatography
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Primary Cell Culture
Nasal Mucosa
Cholera Toxin
HeLa Cells
Lung Diseases
Gel Chromatography
Plasmids

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)