FIBRILLIN PATHOLOGY IN THE MARFAN SYNDROMES

Project: Research project

Description

The Marfan Syndrome (MFS), the most common disorder of connective tissue,
is characterized by ocular, cardiovascular, and skeletal abnormalities.
Inherited as an autosomal dominant trait it has a prevalence of about 1 per
10,000 population. Median lifespan is approximately half of normal due
primarily to cardiovascular complications. Short of clinical phenotype,
there is presently no diagnostic tool to identify affected individuals.
The clinical features of MFS are also shared by other conditions in
different combinations and at various degrees. The search for the MFS gene product has been carried out relatively
unabated, by numerous investigators, for more than forty years. Our
immunohistochemical studies have implicated fibrillin, the major component
of the elastin-associated microfibrils, in MFS etiology. Very recently, we
have confirmed this causal association using molecular and genetic
techniques. We cloned the fibrillin gene, mapped it to chromosome 15, and,
for the first time, established direct linkage between this gene and MFS.
Serendipitously, we cloned two additional genes, thus demonstrating the
fibrillin is molecularly heterogeneous. Most significantly, we established
linkage between one of these fibrillin genes, which resides on chromosome
5, and an MFS-related condition, congenital contractural arachnodactyly
(CAA). This original and unexpected finding of linkage between distinct
fibrillin genes and phenotypically related syndromes implies that defects
in these newly discovered matrix components are the cause of this rather
common group of connective tissue disorders. We will now extend these studies by generating full size cDNAs of
fibrillins on both chromosomes 5 and 15, and by identifying mutations in
selected MFS and CCA patients. The cDNA data will provide the very first
insight into the structure, relationship, and evolution of these poorly
characterized group of glycoproteins. the genetic studies will elucidate
the function of these macromolecules in connective tissue physiology.
Together, these studies will establish the framework for understanding how
altered fibrillin metabolism translates into the phenotypic spectrum of MFS
and related syndromes.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date4/1/923/31/98

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $122,574.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $70,436.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $114,047.00

Fingerprint

Marfan Syndrome
Pathology
Connective Tissue
Genes
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15
Complementary DNA
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Microfibrils
Elastin
Fibrillins
Glycoproteins
Research Personnel
Phenotype
Mutation
Population

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)