EFFECTS OF RATE CONTROL ON DYSARTHRIC SPEECH

  • Beukelman, David R, (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

Despite dissimilar underlying physiological and perceptual characteristics
of ataxic and hypokinetic dysarthria, speaking rate control has been
reported in the clinical literature to be a promising intervention
technique in order to increase the intelligibility of these speakers.
However, some clinicians report that rate control may disrupt the natural
prosody of speech. The purpose of this project is to document the effects
of various speaking rates and rate control strategies on the timing,
intelligibility, prosody and articulatory precision of ataxic and
hypokinetic dysarthic speech. Speaking rates will be controlled by a
microcomputer which will be programmed to display a series of passages on a
screen at various rates and analysis of audio recordings of eight ataxic
dysarthric, eight hypokinetic dysarthric and 16 normal speakers:
articulation time, pause time, voice fundamental frequency and intensity.
Trained judges will listen to the audio tapes in order to measure
intelligibility, stressing patterns and bizarreness. Specific research
questions include the following: What adjustments in timing do dysarthric
and normal speakers make as they reduce their speaking rate? What is
impact of speaking rate and rate control strategy on intelligibility,
prosody and articulatory precision? It is hoped that understanding the
consequences of various rate control strategies would not only lead to
better designed, more effective treatment programs but also add to our
understanding of the perceptual physiological and zcoustic characteristics
of certain types of dysarthria.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date4/1/833/31/87

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health

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speaking
recording
time

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)