ANTIGEN RECOGNITION BY GAMMA-DELTA T CELL RECEPTOR

Project: Research project

Description

T cell receptor (TCR) gamma delta is expressed on a population of TCR
alpha beta-T lymphocytes. Like TCR alpha and beta, the TCR gamma and
delta genes are assembled by somatic arrangement of germ-line gene
segments. We have previously characterized the structure and diversity of
TCR gamma and delta proteins and genes. Here we wish to generate tetanus
toxoid (TT)- specific human gamma-delta T cell clones by in vitro
stimulation of gamma-delta T cell-enriched peripheral blood lymphocytes.
The fine specificity of T cell clones will be examined by determining the
TT peptides that recognize. these T cell clones will be analyzed for
self-restriction by their ability to respond to TT presented on
autologous and allogeneic antigen presenting cells (APC). If self-
restriction exists, a role for MHC class I and II molecules will be
examined by determining the TT peptides that they recognize. These T cell
clones will be analyzed for self-restriction by their ability to respond
to Tt presented on autologous and allogeneic antigen presenting cells
(APC). If self-restriction exists, a role for MHC class I and II
molecules will be examined using a panel of APCs of known HLA haplotypes,
and blocking experiments with anti-hla monoclonal antibodies. Should the
restricting elements not be the known class I or class II molecules, we
will characterize them further to define their structure. We then wish to
examine the TCR gamma and delta V and J segment usage and the V-J
junctional sequences of these TT-specific gamma-delta T cell clones by
Southern and Northern blot analyses, and the polymerase chain reaction.
These analyses should allow us to correlate gene segment usage with TT or
self-restricting element recognition. We will then isolate and sequence
TCR gamma and delta cDNAs from selected T cell clones, and transfect them
by electroporation into a TCR- recipient cell line to reconstitute
antigen recognition. Further, we will alter the TCR chains by exchanging
their gene segments and by in vitro mutagenesis to examine the
contribution of various gene segments or certain sequence motifs to
recognition. The ultimate goal recognition by the gamma-delta T cell
receptor.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/898/31/94

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $40,037.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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Antigen Receptors, T-Cell, gamma-delta
T-Lymphocytes
Clone Cells
Somatostatin-Secreting Cells
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Antigen-Presenting Cells
Genes
T-Cell Receptor gamma Genes
T-Cell Antigen Receptor Specificity
Antigen Receptors, T-Cell, alpha-beta
Peptides
Electroporation
Autoantigens
Germ Cells
Mutagenesis
Northern Blotting
Haplotypes
Complementary DNA
Monoclonal Antibodies
Lymphocytes

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)